An Educational "Jargon Buster"

Glossary of common education and related terminology

Academy – Academies are independent state-funded schools. These schools have more freedom over their finances, the curriculum they teach and teachers’ pay and conditions. They are funded directly by central government rather than by the local authority. Some academies are “sponsored” and some are “converters”.


AfL – Assessment for Learning – the day-to-day assessments that include effective questioning; observations of children during teaching and while they are working; holding discussions with children; analysing work and reporting to children; conducting tests and giving quick feedback.


APP – Assessing Pupils’ Progress – a structured approach to periodically assessing maths, science, reading, writing and speaking and listening skills.


CiN – Child in Need (where social care are supporting a family to meet the needs of their children as part of a multi-agency approach)


CP – Chid Protection (where social care are sharing the responsibility for meeting the needs of children with their family as a result of identified risk factors)


DfE – The Department for Education who are responsible for education and children’s services in England.


EAL – English as an Additional Language – Refers to children whose first language(s) is/are not English and who may not yet be speaking English fluently or even at all. 


BESD – Behavioural, emotional and social difficulties


DAF – Devon Assessment Framework (a tool for multi-agency support and assessment of children’s/families’ needs)


EHCP – Education, Health Care Plan (replaced Statements of Educational Need)


EP – Educational Psychologist


EWO – Education Welfare Officer – Person employed by the Local Authority to help parents and the LA meet their statutory obligations in relation to school attendance and children’s welfare.


EYFS – Early Years Foundation Stage – A framework for care and education of children from birth to five years of age.


FSM – Free School Meals


G & T – Gifted and Talented


HI – Hearing impaired


HLTA – Higher Level Teaching Assistant


ICT – Information and Communication Technology


IEP – Individual Education Plan


ITT – Initial Teacher Training


KS1 – Key Stage 1 – 5-7 years old


KS2 – Key Stage 2 – 7-11 years old


LA – Local Authority

MASH – multi-agency safeguarding hub


MLD – Moderate Learning Difficulties


NQT – Newly Qualified Teacher (entitled to PPA+ a further 10% training time per week)


Ofsted – The Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills is an independent organisation, which reports directly to Parliament. Ofsted inspects and regulates services, which care for children and young people and those providing education and skills for learners of all ages. Ofsted sets out to raise standards in British schools through regular inspections.


OT – Occupational therapist


PE – Physical Education

PP – Pupil Premium is a grant provided to schools, by the government, for disadvantaged children.


PPA – Planning, Preparation and Assessment Time (children are entitled to 10% PPA per week, or the equivalent)


PSED – Personal, social and emotional development

PSHE – Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education


QTS – Qualified Teacher Status


RE – Religious Education


SALT – Speech and language Therapist


SATs – Standard Attainment Tests/Tasks – National Curriculum Tests and Tasks which take place at the end of Key Stage 1 and at the end of Key Stage 2.


SEN – Special Educational Needs Provision – Support for pupils with learning difficulties.


SENDCO – Special Educational Needs & Disability Co-ordinator


SLD – Severe Learning Difficulties


SLT – School Leadership Team


SMSC- Spiritual, moral, social and cultural development


TA- Teaching Assistant


VI –Visually impaired

Jargon Specific to the Primary Academies Trust:

CLT – Chain leadership team (made up of the CEO, executive Heads of School and Heads of School)

DHoS – Deputy Head of School

ELT – Executive leadership team (made up of the CEO and school improvement officers)

HT –  Headteacher

SLT – School/senior leadership team